I’m sorry. Most of your small kitchen appliances are toxic, but we searched through thousands of blenders, dehydrators, multi-cookers, coffee makers, immersion blenders, waffle makers, pressure cookers, food processors, and baby food makers to find you the safest & nontoxic ones for your family. There are thousands of small kitchen appliances available to you today. Considering the dangerous contaminants found leaching into food from small kitchen appliances, it can be daunting to find the safest brands. But never fear, Mamavation is here! You’ve trusted Mamavation to bring you investigations like safest cookware & bakeware, best & worst air purifiers, & our 2020 non-toxic gift-giving guide for the whole family, now join us as we tackle the small kitchen appliances aisle.
Disclosure: this post contains affiliate links.
The Small Kitchen Appliance Aisle is Problematic
Small kitchen appliances like blenders, coffee makers, food processors, and waffle makers are incredibly problematic to hormonal health based on the food contact materials that are being used and their lack of migration testing reports. But never fear, Mamavation is here to help you make sense of it. After our cookware investigation was finished, we decided to keep going and find the safest small kitchen appliances for your family.
The Mamavation-approved products listed below do not consist of ceramic, polycarbonate (BPA), polystyrene, HDPE, PET or Tritan because they’ve all tested positive for estrogenic activity (EA) or leaching of toxic chemicals. We prefer food contact materials to be made of glass and stainless steel, however, this isn’t always possible based on what is out there.
We selected small kitchen appliances with materials that have tested negative for estrogenic activity, but we strongly caution against heating any type of plastic. DON’T DO IT. Plastic materials readily break down and leach when heated, even the safest kinds.
The approved plastics are polypropylene, ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene), SAN (styrene acrylonitrile), and ASA (acrylonitrile styrene acrylate). They should be avoided in their raw forms (think factory workers), but appear to be quite stable under normal use and without heating. I repeat, no heating. (And no dishwashing of plastic parts that come into contact with food!)
Materials to Avoid in Small Kitchen Appliances to Safeguard Your Family
There are a handful of common food contact materials in small kitchen appliances that present toxicity problems. Almost all of the materials on our list are plastic, but ceramic makes an appearance since nearly every slow cooker has a ceramic insert. Here we explain what materials we don’t recommend and why.
Non-stick coatings have become well known for their toxicity, and they’re bioaccumulative. Fluropolymers used in non-stick coatings were found to increase the incidents of tumors of the liver, testicles, mammary glands, and pancreas in lab animals. The EPA has also categorized perfluorinated compounds (PFAS) as likely carcinogenic. Also, a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) discovered a shocking statistic — 98% of Americans have detectable levels of PFAS or PFCs in their bodies. Mamavation has been studying PFAS contamination closely in cookware, food packaging and water. These chemicals are linked with the following diseases and symptoms you don’t’ want:
- metabolic diseases like obesity & diabetes
- reduced vaccination response
- affect the growth, learning, and behavior of infants and older children
- lower a woman’s chance of getting pregnant
- interfere with the body’s natural hormones
- increase cholesterol levels
- affect the immune system
- increase the risk of cancer
Ceramic Glazes on Food Contact Surfaces
Ceramic kitchenware and cookware have been our biggest challenge. This applies to ceramic small kitchen appliances like slow cookers as well as cookware with quasi-ceramic coatings. As a whole, ceramic appears to be very problematic due to the glazes used on food contact surfaces.
Unfortunately, coatings of any kind are bound to wear down and chip away into food, and ceramic glazes are no different. In the same way, ceramic coatings are too fragile for long-term use and tend to scratch and chip away leaving bare base materials that immediately start contaminating your food.
Most ceramic product manufacturers will tell you they test for heavy metals and don’t even use them in food contact surfaces. The problem is that virtually no one has third-party test results to back up their claims, and we don’t run on trust alone. Proof is a must! This is our family we’re trying to protect.
What about slow cookers? Ceramic slow cookers* are glazed and there’s no thorough heavy metal testing for lead that we could locate from any brand. That also still leaves the question of other toxic materials that may be in the product. Nanoparticles have been recently discovered as a leaching byproduct of ceramic coatings. Nano titanium dioxide is the most prevalent substance found and is hazardous because it’s been shown to cause immune system disruption and pre-cancerous lesions in the gut.
Nanoparticles themselves are problematic because their tiny size allows them to enter most areas of the body and wreak havoc in the most pervasive ways. For example, asbestos is a carcinogenic nanoparticle that has taken many people’s lives. Mamavation has taken a hard stance against nanotechnology in ceramic glazes. Therefore, we recommend only using slow cookers with stainless steel interiors or Mamavation-approved clay cookers.
*Note that at-home lead testers aren’t sensitive enough to show a positive for anything less than 600 ppm.
Polycarbonate–Bisphenols (BPA, BPS, BPAF, etc, etc.)
Bisphenols are some of the highest volume chemicals produced worldwide used primarily in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins for food and drink packaging, water and infant bottles, compact discs, safety equipment, medical devices, and coatings for canned food, bottle tops and water supply pipes.
Bisphenols are well known endocrine disrupting chemicals, and due to their ubiquitous nature and multi-route human exposure, detectable levels of BPA are found in 93% of urine samples. Adverse effects of bisphenols include reproductive cancers, early puberty, obesity, diabetes, infertility, memory impairment and learning difficulties.
Studies show that polycarbonate releases detectable BPA even at room temperature. BPA is also present in air and dust too which scientists believe can reach and contaminate nearby waterways, and when exposed to boiling water, it leaches 55x more rapidly.
Styrene is a petroleum by-product is used to make plastics, rubber, and resins that can be found in packaging, cups, plates, take-out containers, and packing peanuts. Polystyrene leaches styrene which is linked to leukemia, lymphoma, organ and nervous system damage, vision and hearing loss, impaired memory and concentration, and gastrointestinal problems.
High-density polyethylene (HDPE) is common in milk jugs, juice and water bottles, detergent and shampoo bottles, grocery bags, and cereal box liners. HDPE is among the more stable plastics, but it tested positive for estrogenic activity.
In fact, bisphenol-A has been detected in HDPE bottles, and while the levels were low, it still doesn’t excuse the presence of this serious endocrine-disrupting chemical. BPA was also detected in waters of public distribution systems using HDPE supply pipes, as well as a range of esters, aldehydes, ketones, aromatic hydrocarbons and terpenoids.
HDPE water bottles and caps were found to leach low levels of octylphenol (OP) and nonylphenol (NP), along with the presence of detectable BPA in some HDPE water bottle caps. Phenols have been detected in human breast milk, blood and urine, and is associated with negative reproductive and developmental effects in rodents.
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is commonly used in disposable water bottles, and soda and sports drink bottles. Another of the more stable BPA-free plastics, it can leach antimony, a toxic metalloid that can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach ulcers, heart problems, and muscle and joint pain.
Extended shelf time causes more leaching, but exposure to heat is the real culprit with studies showing up to 100x the amount of antimony in bottled water than in clean groundwater. Low levels of nonylphenol (NP) have also been found to migrate from PET.
Note that at this time, we cannot recommend products made with Tritan on food contact surfaces because there is conflicting information on its safety.
Eastman, the manufacturer of Tritan copolyester, has posted safety information on their website which provides details on its estrogenic activity (EA)-free testing methods and results, however, in 2013 the scientific peer-reviewed journal Food Chemistry tested Tritan and discovered the migration of DMIP (dimethyl isophthalate), BBP (benzylbutyl phthalate) and detectable BPA from Tritan.
Two other non-intentionally added substances (NIAS), 4-nonylphenol and 2-phenoxyethanol, were also found to leach from Tritan during this testing. In addition, Biomed Central’s Environmental Health journal conducted testing that showed estrogenic activity present in 3 Tritan resins with exposure to UV radiation in natural sunlight resulting in an increased release of EA chemicals. The journal also states that triphenyl-phosphate (TPP), an additive used to manufacture some thermoplastic resins such as Tritan, exhibited EA in both testing assays.
Additionally, Mother Jones notes that the 200-plus samples of Tritan resins that were tested consistently leached estrogen-like chemicals after being exposed to a type of ultraviolet ray found in sunlight (UVA) and another kind that some parents use to sterilize baby bottles (UVC). In some cases, samples that hadn’t even been exposed to UV light also seeped estrogenic compounds.
3 Ways Plastics Become More Dangerous
The chemicals used in plastic are problematic because they can escape and migrate into food and drink in a process called leaching. There are 3 ways toxins leach from plastic:
- Heat is the biggest culprit. When plastic gets warm or hot, it releases toxic chemicals up to 55x faster than normal. Black plastic is known to contain extremely hazardous leaching chemicals including brominated flame retardants, chlorine, PVC, cadmium, chromium, mercury, lead, and antimony, so it’s highly important to avoid using it in the kitchen. DO NOT MICROWAVE PLASTIC. And do not put plastic food contact materials into the dishwasher either.
- Fats have also been found to increase leaching. Cheese, milk, yogurt, fatty meats, and oils that are packaged in plastic have a much greater chance of being contaminated with leached toxins. Studies show that BPA has been detected in milk packaged in Tetra Pack or HDPE plastic bottles which confirms that fatty foods have a better ability to extract BPA from plastics than water.
- Acidic foods cause lots of chemical excitement. Acidic foods are known to cause leaching in many materials including plastics, cookware, and bakeware. Citric acid, tomatoes, coffee, and citrus fruits are highly acidic and should not be stored in plastic.
It’s clear from multiple studies that we should take great care to avoid ever heating plastic. We should also be mindful that fatty and acidic foods in plastic containers are very likely contaminated with the chemicals present within the container itself, so overall, it’s best to choose non-plastic small kitchen appliances and storage containers whenever possible.
Small Kitchen Appliances Investigation
Okay, so which small kitchen appliances are safe for your family? I’m glad you’ve asked. Mamavation sorted through thousands of blenders, coffee makers, pressure cookers, slow cookers, food processors, air fryers, waffle makers, baby food makers, and dehydrators to find the safest products for your family.
And we’ve come up with suggestions based on the most current understanding of hormone disruption in food contact materials, testing & court records that have been made public, public court documents, and reviews for the efficiency of use.
Most air fryers are full of toxic PFAS “forever chemical” coatings either on food contact surfaces or on the interior walls. Here are the products with no such coatings. Mamavation’s full investigation on air fryers is here.
- Big Boss Oil-less Air Fryer (with the Glass Bowl)
- Emeril Lagasse Power AirFryer Oven 360 (Prop. 65 warning is about BPA in the cord)
- hOmeLabs 11.6 Qt XXL 8-in-1 Air Fryer Oven
- Oster Compact Countertop Oven with Air Fryer
- Oyama TRO-110C Turbo Convection Oven
- Power XL Turbo Air Fryer (Use discount code “MamaFree” for free shipping)
- Rosewill RHCO-16001 Infrared Halogen Convection Air Fryer
- Sahmwell Air Fryer Convection Oven for Countertop 18 Quarts (with glass bowl)
Fortunately, we were able to find a lot of blenders with glass or stainless steel jars. We wanted to avoid any blender that was made from plastic because of the potential of leaching. Blenders are used so often, put into the dishwasher, and potentially can contain hot contents that we do not recommend you purchase one where plastic is touching the food. Check out our full investigation on BPA-free blenders.
- Americana by Elite EPB399C Glass Mason Jar Blender ( blender’s jar ) $32.72
- Black+ Decker BL10450H Crush Master 10-Speed Blender with Glass Jar $100
- Black+Decker Countertop Blender w/ 5-Cup Glass Jar & 10-Speed settings BL2010BG $36
- Black+Decker PowerCrush Blender with PerfectPour Glass Jar BL121ORG $60
- Black+Decker PowerCrush Digital Blender BL1300DG-T $50
- Black+Decker PowerCrush Multi-Function Glass Jar Blender $40
- Braun JB7350 with thermal resistant glass (unavailable)
- Cuisinart SMARTPOWER™ 7 SPEED ELECTRONIC BLENDER
- Cuisinart SMARTPOWER™ DUET 500 WATT BLENDER/FOOD PROCESSOR
- Haden Heritage 56oz 5-Speed Retro Blender $80
- Hamilton Beach Power Elite Blender 58149 $53
- Hamilton Beach Wave Crusher Blender 54221 $43
- Instant Pot Ace Blender (unavailable)
- Instant Pot Ace Nova $169
- JOYOUNG 10-in1 Professional Glass Blender $100
- Luvele Vibe Stainless Steel Blender
- Oster 2-in-1 Blender System with Blend-n-Go Cup 2142919
- Oster 6844 6-Cup Glass Jar 12-Speed Blender (unavailable)
- Oster Blender Pro 1200
- Oster Easy-to-Use Blender with 5-Speeds 2121569
- Oster Glass Jar Toggle Beehive Blender + Glass Jar $85
- Oster Master Series Blender 2113744
- Oster Pro 500 3-Speed Blender
- Oster Pulverizing Power Blender with High-Speed Motor 2131733
- Oster Reverse Crush Counterforms Blender $60
- OsterCore 16-Speed Blender 006878 $67
- Tribest Dyanblend Clean Home Glass Blender DB-950A $161
- Tribest Personal Blender with Vacuum PBG 5001 $279
- Tribest Personal Portable Blender Chrome PBG 5050 $198
- Vitamix Parts (Stainless Steel Container) fits specific Blenders $170
- Waring Commercial Brand Bar Blender
The following food processors are made with Tritan food contact surfaces and therefore cannot be Mamavation-approved:
- AVOID: All plastic Blendtec blenders
- AVOID: All plastic Ninja blenders
- AVOID: All plastic NutriBullet blenders
- AVOID: All plastic Vitamix blenders (get the stainless steel pitcher!)
Toasters & Toaster Ovens
Most toasters and toaster ovens have PFAS “forever chemical” coatings either on food contact surfaces or inside the interior where it can become airborne and part of your food. Mamavation did a full investigation of toasters and toaster ovens and am sharing with you the “best” brands from that study.
- Cuisinart CPT 2400 Pop-Up Toaster
- Emeril Lagasse Power AirFryer Toaster Oven 360 (Prop. 65 warning is about BPA in the cord)
- Oster Compact Countertop Toaster Oven with Air Fryer
- Oster Toaster Oven Large 6 Slice Capacity
- Oster Toaster Oven 7-n-1 Countertop Fits 2 Large Pizzas
- Wolf Gourmet 2-Slice Extra-Wide Slot Toaster WGTR102S
Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) have been discovered in the hood of immersion blenders just above the spinning blade that mixes food. Not only that, but CPs have been shown to leak from hand blenders reaching the food and causing significant human exposures.
We were not able to find labs on this, so we wanted to warn you about that and if you still wanted one, these are the immersion blenders that are made of stainless steel and do not have plastic food contact materials:
- All-Clad Stainless Steel Immersion Blender
- Braun Immersion Blender Combo (except beaker we believe is plastic)
- Mueller Immersion Blender
When we looked at juicers, we ran across lots of Tritan, melanmine, and other polycarbonate plastics. We opted for some plastic juicers, but ones that seemed to be the least problematic because you are not heating juice. However, it’s important to know that acidic foods, like oranges are also known to leach some plastics, so we prefer stainless steel and glass. Some products had polycarbonate containers that you can simply avoid using and use your own glass catch.
- HERRCHEF Juicer (stainless steel)
- TCRAYCH Portable blender for smoothies and juice mixing (glass & stainless steel)
- Heavy duty hand juicer (stainless steel)
- Breville Citrus Press Pro Juicer (stainless steel)
- Breville Juice Fountain Elite Juicer (stainless steel, use your own glass to catch)
- Breville XL Juice Fountain Elite Juicer (stainless steel, use your own glass to catch)
- Jarware citrus juicer to screw on your mason jar (stainless steel)
The following juicers are made with Tritan or polyethylene food contact surfaces and therefore cannot be Mamavation-approved:
- AVOID: Barsetto (Tritan)
- AVOID: PopBabies (Tritan)
- AVOID: Crenova (Tritan)
- AVOID: Koios Juicer (polyethylene (PEI))
- AVOID: Breville (polycarbonate containers, so if you purchase replace it with your own glass)
Have you ever noticed how many black plastic coffee makers there are out there? Well, we’ve already talked about heating plastic and how that can cause leaching of the contaminants inside the plastic out into your food. Well, the same goes for your coffee.
Black plastic, in particular, has been shown to leach fire retardants, heavy metals, and phthalates. And that’s because most black plastic is made from recycled end-of-life electronics and has contamination similar to electronics. Long story short, if your coffee has any plastic parts touching your coffee, pitch it, and pick up one of these instead.
- Cemex Glass Series pour-over coffee maker
- AGOGO Glass Coffee Maker Pour-Over
- Ovalware Cold Brew Coffee Maker
- Bodom Pedom Coffee Maker with Vacuum, strong flavor
- Gvode Stainless Steel Mesh Pour-Over Coffee Maker
- West Bend Electric Coffee Perculator
- Ilsa Stainless Steel Espresso Coffee Maker
- Hario Woodneck Drip Pot Coffee Maker
- SAKI Pour-Over Coffee Maker
- COLETTI Coffee Percolator
- FORLIFE Cafe Style Glass Coffee/Tea Press
- Nee Porcelain Coffee Dripper
- Stainless Steel French Press Coffee Maker
- Faberware 12 Cup Stainless Steel Percolator
- AMFOCUS Stovetop Espresso Maker
- Cuisinart Stainless Steel Percolator
The following coffee makers are made with plastic food contact surfaces and therefore cannot be Mamavation-approved:
- AVOID Kuerig machines (and all the k-cups)
- AVOID all the Hamilton Beach made with plastic food contact materials
- AVOID all the Cuisinart made with plastic food contact materials
- AVOID Nespresso machines
- AVOID all Mr. Coffee
- AVOID all Ninja coffee makers
- AVOID all Krupps coffee makers
Since you may be finding yourself grinding coffee for the first time, we’ve included some of our favorite manual coffee grinders in case you find yourself without power or just want to do it while saving power, and of course electric coffee grinders.
- Seal Kitchen Manual Coffee Grinder
- Bodum BISTRO Bur Coffee Grinder
- Simple House Manual Coffee Grinder
- Turkish Style Manual Coffee Grinder
- Vevok Chef Manual Coffee Grinder
- Driver Manual Coffee Grinder
- HadonEEON Electric Coffee Grinder
- Chardor Electric Coffee Grinder
- KitchenAid Blade One-Touch Electric Coffee Grinder
Electric & Glass Kettles
The basic rules on heating water is to not all it to touch any plastic food contact surfaces while it’s hot. These brands use only glass or stainless steel as food contact materials.
- Molgree glass teapot with removable infuser
- COSORI glass electric kettle
- Chefman glass electric kettle
- MOSFiATA glass electric kettle
- OXO cordless glass electric kettle
- Hamilton Beach cordless glass electric kettle
- Buydeem cordless glass electric kettle
Pressure Cookers, Slow Cookers, and Multi-Cookers
No ceramic products are acceptable at this time due to lack of availability of independent heavy metal testing and nanoparticle glazes. The following list consists of stainless steel or safe clay pressure cookers, slow cookers, and multi-cookers.
- VitaClay multi-cooker
- 360 Cookware stainless steel slow cookers
- Instant Pot multi-cooker
- Mealthy multi-cooker (resellers only)
- Precise Heat electric skillet/ slow cooker
- Presto stainless steel pressure cookers
- T-fal stainless steel pressure cooker (resellers only)
- Hawkins 360 pressure cooker
- Zojirushi Multicooker 6 quarts
- Zavor pressure cooker and stainless steel steaming basket
- Geek Chef electric pressure cooker
The following pressure cookers are made with ceramic or non-stick interior cooking pots and therefore cannot be Mamavation-approved:
- AVOID: Bella multi-cooker (non-stick interior pot)
- AVOID: Black + Decker multi-cooker (non-stick interior pot)
- AVOID: Crock Pot multi-cooker (non-stick interior pot)
- AVOID: Gourmia multi-cooker (non-stick interior pot)
- AVOID: GraniteWare multi-cooker (aluminum)
- AVOID: Geek Chef multi-cooker (aluminum non-stick interior pot) but one above is okay
- AVOID: Instant Pot ceramic non-stock interior pot (this is the safer interior pot)
- AVOID: Ninja multi-cooker (ceramic-enameled non-stick interior pot)
- AVOID: NuWave multi-cooker (non-stick interior pot)
- AVOID: Emeril multi-cooker (non-stick & unknown ceramic glaze)
- AVOID: Power Pressure Cooker multi-cooker (non-stick interior pot)
- AVOID: Prestige pressure cookers (aluminum)
- AVOID: De’Longhi Livenza (nonstick, aluminium)
Food Processors, Mixers, and Choppers
Food contact materials are listed in parenthesis for your information. Stainless steel food mills are also widely available.
- Black & Decker glass bowl chopper – note that the lid material could not be confirmed
- Homeleader electric food chopper with glass bowl
- Braun Tribute Collection food processor (stainless steel/polypropylene) – note that the lid material could not be confirmed
- Elechromes electric food chopper with glass bowl
- Cuisinart (resellers only, ABS, multiple models)
- Hamilton Beach glass bowl chopper (polypropylene lid)
- KitchenAid stand mixer with a metal bowl (resellers only)
- Klarstein Kitchen Machine with food processor (stainless steel)
- Makaluce electric glass food processor
- Homgeek meat grinder & food processor with glass bowl
- Kocbelle wireless glass portable food processor
The following food processors are made with Tritan or polycarbonate food contact surfaces and therefore cannot be Mamavation-approved:
- AVOID: Phillips
- AVOID: Breville
- AVOID: All DeLonghi food processors
- AVOID: NutriBullet (tritan)
- AVOID: Ninja
Clay Multi-Cookers & Earthenware
Clay can be very hazardous when the geographical origins are unknown. We could locate only two brands of clay cookware that conduct testing for heavy metals commonly found in clay and glazes. Both companies do not glaze their products, so the testing reflects the makeup of the clay itself.
- High-Fire VitaClay 2-in-1 Rice & Slow Cooker in Clay Pot
- VitaClay VM7800-5C Smart Organic Clay Multi-Crocks N’ Stock Pot, 6.5 quart, Stainless Steel
- VitaClay VM7900-8 Smart Organic Multi-Cooker- A Rice Cooker, A Slow Cooker, A Digital Steamer plus a bonus Yogurt Maker, 8 Cup / 4.2-Quart
- VitaClay VM7900-8 Smart Organic Multi-Cooker/Rice Cooker, Brushed Stainless Steel and Black by VitaClay
- Miriam’s Earthenware
Waffle Makers and Griddles
Almost every single waffle maker and griddle have a non-stick or ceramic coating. There are only a few manufacturers that offer Mamavation-approved products. Check out our larger investigation here on waffle makers. We’ve included waffle irons with silicone-based coatings, and other waffle makers with no coatings that are meant for camping.
Waffle Makers with Silicone-Based Coatings
- Green Pan 3-in-1 Grill, Griddle & Waffle Maker
- Green Pan 2 Slice Belgian Waffle Maker Stainless Steel
- Green Pan Multi-Grill, Griddle & Waffle Maker Stainless Steel
- NordicWare 15040 Cast Aluminum Stovetop Waffle Iron
Waffle Makers with No Coatings
- HAWOK Cast Iron Round Waffle Maker (for camping)
- HAWOK Cast Iron Square Waffle Maker (for camping)
- HAWOK Cast Iron Heart Waffle Maker (for camping)
- Lodge Cast Iron Waffle Maker (vintage and only available on ebay)
- Lot45 Cast Iron Waffle Maker Pan (portable/camping)
- Rome Industries Old Fashioned Waffle Cast Iron (for campfire)
The following waffle makers are made with plastic or non-stick food contact surfaces and therefore cannot be Mamavation-approved:
- AVOID: Presto (non-stick)
- AVOID: Chefman (non-stick)
- AVOID: KUTIME Pancake Pan (nonstick)
- AVOID: Black and Decker (nonstick, stainless steel, plastic)
- AVOID: OSTBA (nonstick)
- AVOID: Dash (nonstick)
- AVOID: Anxin (nonstick, aluminum)
Popcorn makers were found to use lots of non-stick coating and plastics that they didn’t label. Here were the ones we found that were made of safe food contact materials.
- Zippy Pop stovetop popcorn maker (stainless steel)
- Great Northern stovetop popcorn maker (stainless steel)
- Ecolution microwave popcorn popper (glass, silicone top)
The following popcorn makers are made with plastic or non-stick food contact surfaces and therefore cannot be Mamavation-approved:
- AVOID: Dash (nonstick coating, unnamed plastic)
- AVOID: Nordic Ware (melamine plastic shouldn’t be heated)
- AVOID: HIRIFULL (nonstick, plastic unnamed)
- AVOID: Presto (polycarbonate + BPA plastic)
Baby Food Makers
This category is a mess. It’s not as easy to get away from plastic, and baby food in general isn’t really a good idea. The latest research looking at evolutionary dentistry says that softening a baby’s food prevents them from fully developing their jaw, which can lead to a list of ailments in adulthood like sleep apnea. But if you must, I have some more bad news for you, it’s close to impossible to get automatic grinders that don’t touch plastic to food. So what we’ve done here is found the least problematic ones. Many modern baby food makers are made of Tritan, but we were able to locate several options that aren’t. Food contact materials are listed in parenthesis for your information.
- Beaba Babycook Neo (glass/stainless steel)
- Beaba Babycook 4-in-1 baby food maker (polypropylene)
- Stainless Steel mortar & pestle (no plastic whatsoever)
- Weston Stainless Steel Food Mill (no plastic whatsoever)
- Norpro Stainless Steel Food Mill (no plastic whatsoever)
- Cuisipro Stainless Steel Food Mill (no plastic whatsoever)
- Baby Breeza glass baby food maker
- Black & Decker Glass Food Processor
Ice Cream Makers
In the ice cream maker section, plastic abounds. You want to avoid Tritan, polycarbonate, and plastics that are just not labeled. This is what we found from safer food contact materials.
- Cuisanart freezer bowl 2 quarts (stainless steel)
- Cuisanart ICE Frozen yogurt ice cream maker (polypropylene)
- Whynter automatic ice cream maker (stainless steel, aluminum pot)
- Ice cream maker hand crank (stainless steel)
- Automatic Ice cream machine w/ compression cooling (stainless steel only, however not available till 4/21)
- Royal Brew automatic ice cream maker (stainless steel only)
Many dehydrators are constructed with polycarbonate (BPA) plastic in the lining inside and/or the housing itself. We were told by Excalibur that because the dehydrators stay at such a low temperature, up to 160° F, the polycarbonate doesn’t have a chance to heat enough to leach chemicals within. Unfortunately, the National Library of Medicine has found that polycarbonate releases detectable BPA even at room temperature, so we recommend steering clear altogether. Additionally, it’s been discovered that BPA is present in air and dust too which scientists believe can reach and contaminate nearby waterways, and that points to potential off-gassing/sloughing and is yet another source of bisphenol exposure.
- COSORI premium stainless steel dehydrator (no plastic)
- 6 Layer stainless steel dehydrator (no plastic)
- Samson silent 6 layer stainless steel dehydrator (no plastic)
- Colzer stainless steel food dehydrator (no plastic)
- Nesco dehydrators including the Snackmaster Express and American Harvest Gardenmaster sold widely around the country (polypropylene)
- Ronco dehydrators (ASA trays/ABS housing)
- STX International stainless steel dehydrators (no plastic)
- Tribestlife Sedona dehydrators (polypropylene trays/ABS housing/LDPE mesh screens)
- TSM Products stainless steel dehydrators (no plastic inside)
- Waring Pro (ASA trays/ABS housing)
- Weston Supply (ASA trays/ABS housing/silicone sheets)
- SAHARA folding food dehydrator (polypropylene shelves)
Indoor Kitchen Grills & Paninis
The vast majority of indoor kitchen grills & paninis are full of PFAS “forever chemical” coatings and nano-particles. Here are all the options that avoid those two scenarios. If you want to see the whole investigation, go here.
Products with Silicone Type Non-Stick Coatings:
- GoWise USA 2-in1 Smokeless Indoor Grill & Griddle
- Green Life Sandwich Pro
- Green Life Indoor Electric Kitchen Griddle
- GreenPan Ulitmate Gourmet Indoor Grill
- GreenPan Extra Large Indoor Griddle
- GreenPan 3-in-1 Reversible Grill, Griddle, & Raclette
- GreenPan Premiere XL Smokeless Grill & Griddle (Williams Sonoma Exclusive)
- GreenPan Electric Indoor 6-in-1 Contact Grill & Griddle
Products with No Coatings (Other than Oils):
- Hamilton Beach Professional Cast Iron Electric Grill with removable Cooktop 38560
- Lodge Round Cast Iron Grill Pan
- Lodge Cast Iron Square Grill Pan
- Lodge Cast Iron Square Griddle (additional Lodge Grill Products)
- Lodge Chef Collection Cast Iron Reversible Grill/Griddle (for use over two burners)
- Made In Carbon Steel Griddle
I am worried because I got the Chefman electric kettle on your list and it has the California cancer warning sticker on the bottom?
Hey Leah in the spout it has a filter with plastic on it you think if I can pop that out it will be okay?
What about bread makers/machines? Any recommendations?
Sana bread maker is the only one with stainless steel in the world.
Made in Europe
Which crepe maker to you recommend?
And how to sign up for updates?
What does Cuisinart resellers only, ABS, multiple models mean? I just purchased the 14 cup DFP-14N series, I hope this was the good one??? Was it?
Pampered Chef items. – are they safe?
I have tons of Pampered Chef – from small items to the electronics. Have any studies been done on their products?
I found this FANTASTIC article after hours and hours of research on a good food dehydrator and an ice cream maker. Everything that I have been finding lines up with this article; good to know I’m on the right path. 🙂
With regard to the COSORI, Samson Silent, and STX International food dehydrators, what kind of metal is inside the unit? I know the Samson Silent has galvanized metal inside the unit; however, since they are a product of China’s manufacturing, I am very concerned about exactly what metal is inside the unit. Does it contain nickel, aluminum, copper, etc.? I am confident the TSM Products are safe.
Just an FYI:
With regard to glass jars for blenders (or any container for that matter), one must be careful there is no lead in the glass. Many glass containers contain lead. Ball glass jars that are clear in color (not amber or blue, etc.) are lead free.
You have saved me so much time with this article! Wish I found it sooner!
I bought a 5-tray TSM dehydrator in 2010 and have loved it ever since. I bought it only after communicating with the company which verified that the unit I was interested in (they make one with chrome racks) was 100% steel *made in the USA.*
In addition to dehydrating fruits and vegetables, I use it to make all manner of goodies, including crackers, kale chips, scones, flat breads, and to gently melt coconut oil. For those on a raw-food diet, it can gently warm up food before serving, without loss of nutritional value from high heat.
I also save banana peels, dehydrate them, and then pulverize them to a powder in my VitaMix. I sprinkle the powdered peel on the soil under my flowering plants, which love the potassium.
BTW — I don’t use the Teflex sheets that most chefs and instructions tell you to use on the dehydrator trays. Instead, I used unbleached cooking parchment paper (cut to size). It works great.
The TSM dehydrator has undergone some improvements since I bought mine, but since mine still works just fine, I can’t justify replacing it.
I have decided to get the TSM. I spoke with them today, and they said it is unlimited warranty on all parts. So you use unbleached parchment under all food you dehydrate? Does it take longer to get them dried? Thank you!
I bought the buydeem electric kettle and it has a plastic looking circle at the base. It is either plastic or silicone. Also when I passed a qtip on top it came up w metal stuff on it. I returned the product
I’ve noticed that many of the KitchenAid Mixer attachments have a Prop65. So many people have those mixers, I am wondering what the concern is?
Last I checked it was the chord.
I’ve seen lead warnings on the attachments sold separately. Can you do a stand mixer evaluation? So many people use them…
Tons of drama just exploded about KitchenAid recently – iirc it’s lead-contaminated aluminum in the base metal of the attachments. Tons of articles (and a petition) at leadsafemama’s website.
Since heating plastics is bad “hormonally” and “carcinogenically”, wouldn’t it be bad to have ANY plastic dishes/containers/tools anywhere in your home, regardless of the type? Because, when you wash them, they are superheated in an attempt to sterilize them for future use.
Great article! What is your opinion on GreenPan kitchen appliances? I know you recommend their cookware so I wasn’t sure if their appliances are recommended as well. They use the same Thermolon coating on the appliances as on the cookware so I assume that it is okay. I’m curious to hear your thoughts.
Thanks for everything you do!
Have you done an investigation on electric skillets? I need to replace mine. It was a gift from a long time ago & is Teflon coated. So, I need to get one that is safe. Thank you for all of your investigations! It is greatly appreciated!
If you take a closer look, several of the recommended electric tea kettles have full or partial plastic lids or mesh filters. The condensate from the boiling water would touch the lid and fall back into the kettle, as well as the water touches the filter as you pour. Those kettles should be removed from your list! Yuck, multiple Amazon reviewers mention their water tasting of plastic.
Hi! Why are so many crossed out now?
I truly appreciate your intention and research. I looked up most of the blenders you listed as “safe” and unfortunately (after reading the Q&A’s that people posted and/or digging a little deeper), I found none of them to be safe. They were either not BPA free, or they did include titan, or there was lead. It’s a very frustrating situation for those of us who are seeking products that are free from toxins. I wish all of us well 🙂
Vitaclay has been shown to have lead in it.
Momma of 4
Thank you! I am looking at this blender, and wondered if you would recommend it, minus the plastic smoothie cup? Thanks for all of this fantastic information! Oster Blender | Pro 1200 with Glass Jar, 24-Ounce https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00XHXN54K/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_glt_fabc_H4N6YNQ6C56TR4METYW2?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1
Hi, thanks for this. I’ve been looking at air fryers/convection ovens. The ones that have the glass bowl look like the best bet. I wanted to let you know that the Cuisinart convection oven air fryer does have a non-stick coating. I looked it up on their website. I tried to find a website for OSTBA but it doesn’t seem to exist. I’m betting the only safe option are the ones with glass bowls.
Also, thanks for the tip about Vitamix having a stainless steel pitcher. It was not available when I bought my blender.
It’s a lot of work to compile a list like this. Thank you!
What about toaster ovens? For reheating instead of microwaves. Most of these have a non stick coating inside, have you found any without?
Any feedback on toaster oven safe mats?
We will be doing toaster ovens in the near future as an investigation.
What about toasters? I definitely feel like this group of small appliances should have been included in the investigation.
We really should add that and we can in the next update. We did add a ton more small appliances this year that we didn’t have last year. Thanks for that suggestion!
Trying to find a safe oven air fryer. It looks like the Cuisinart convection oven air fryer on your approved list is not PTFE-free. Would that take it off your list of safe products? https://www.williams-sonoma.com/products/cuisinart-digital-air-fryer-toaster-oven/?bvstate=pg:2/ct:q
Great post! I knew when we purchased the Ninja that the plastic was bad. But at the time, everything was plastic so I didn’t know a way around it. When this one dies, we’ll invest in glass for sure. I hope we find one that has the glass food processor attachment too because I like the all-in-one motor that Ninja uses. The coffee maker investigation is interesting. I didn’t know that black plastic was made of old electronics. Um. Ew! I have a Capresso espresso machine and the coffee is held in a metal cup but it passes through two black plastic rings before going into my mug! Gah! I’m pinning this post so I can come back to it when I make my next purchase. Also, I’m curious if you plan to add toasters? Thanks!
What about the new cast iron slow cooker by All-Clad? Thank you for your list!
Unfortunately, a lot of these products are out of the price range for some families.😞
Please consider that cancer treatments are also out of price range for most families.
Actually, cancer treatments may be covered by Medicaid and patient would not have to pay a thing. I am just being real here and poverty is a thing and you take what you can get even if it means chemicals. It’s sad and goes to show where health is not a priority in this country. Next time you see someone buying ramen noodles, try not to judge so much. It’s rough on the other side.
This is one of the most toxic and dismissive comments I’ve seen on one of these non-toxic websites. Zero empathy. How many parents would love to buy all organic, perfect, non-toxic stuff for their kids but can barely afford ANY diapers?
Sheesh. In addition to shopping your way out of cancer why don’t you advocate for better standards and regulations so ALL kids and ALL families can buy products, at any price point, that are safe and healthy.
The link to the Elite Platinum air fryer is actually the link to the Vanaheim one.
Any information on a safe tea/coffee pot, the kind you would use to boil water on the stove? I am not opposed to glass if no plastic is present, nor to high quality stainless, preferably made in the USA or Europe. I have made several replacements on cookware, including using Chemex for coffee, thanks to your recommendations, but am having a terrible time with conflicting information on actual tea pots. I was ready to go with the All Clad tea kettle but it has some concerning reviews on Amazon. A glass pot that I purchased is going back because they did not disclose a plastic or silicone sealant at the bottom which is in direct contact with the water…so you see my confusion!
Thank you for your informative article. Can you please explain what only the Cuisinart https://amzn.to/2WrGChH that is mentioned in the article is a good one? I spoke to the company and they make all the jars from Tritan. What is different in this one? Thank you!
How do you feel about the instant pot Ace blender line?
I appreciate all of the research and information. However, when I went one step further and visited the Black + Decker website to look at this product on your blender list – Black + Decker (glass jar) – it listed a Prop 65 warning. For this reason, I do not feel comfortable purchasing this product. The Black + Decker glass bowl chopper had the same warning.
I have emailed a couple times with no response, hoping to get answer. NO ice cream makers, coffee grinder, or cookie sheets on this list . And you do have some immersion blenders listed, are those safe> contradictory to message above
When I was ready for a new waffle iron years ago I searched and searched for one that was NOT nonstick as I was sure I’d seen one or two on the web, and even requested one for Christmas. (I wrote to Lodge and suggested that they design one, and while the idea seemed well-received I haven’t seen it yet.) Not even my mother-in-law who was a lifetime cook could find one, and I was presented with a stovetop model that was not only “non-stick” but performed abysmally. It was eventually replaced with a countertop model (also a gift) that performs much better but is also non-stick. I was surprised to find here that cast iron models have appeared again on the market, so it seems that these come and go. Given the mixed reviews there are apparently tradeoffs with this particular type of appliance.
I’m curious what you would think about Intelibed? I’ve had a few chiropractors recommend it, but I’m having troubles figuring out what is actually in it.
So then how do we feel about the InstantPot Duo Crisp that is an Air Fryer as well?
Thank you so much for all the research done. It is so incredibly organized and easy to read through. Appreciate your site very much!
This page seems to suggest vaccines are good for health. It really puts a damper on the integrity of the information presented.
😂 😂 😂 Good one!
Vinyl taste leached from glass blender: Oster glass blender from Walmart. What good is glass when the gasket in contact with the food is toxic?
I’ve been trying to find a food processor and immersion blender. I finally bought the recommended Cuisinart 4-cup but it says the bowl is made of Lexan, not ABS. Has this changed since you published?
Also, any thoughts on Bamix?
Is there a toaster that does not contain STYRENE? I just bought a 2 Slice Black & Decker and there is a warning that it does contain it!
There are at least four immersion blenders that are tested as safe from chlorinated parrafins.
Philips response to a question about their immersion blender on Amazon: Hello! Within Philips Personal Health, we have the highest quality- and sustainability standards that follow and exceed the EU Commission Regulation and REACH. Philips can confirm that all our products are free of chlorinated paraffin’s and all other substances restricted by REACH and other EU Regulations.
Have you watched any big company documentaries? You cannot trust anything they say. Forget the immersion blender at this point. It’s only a matter of time before they do another test, and you find out that the immersion blender you were using had leached CP too.
Premier & prestige went jar lids are polycarbonate
The Link duplicated in the air fryer section.
When you click on (Elite Platinum ) it takes you to (Vanaheim) Link.
And I am Vitamix fan, unfortunately, it belongs to avoid category. I guess I will not out it in a dishwasher machine nor I will use it for making hot soup.
Ramya Ravindra Barithaya
Hi, this is fenomenal! Thank you SOOOO much ! I have been looking for a mini oven that is non toxic, and found a great culinary one. The problem now, is that I;;l be moving to Portugal and cannot find any toaster ovens that are non toxic. Super frustrating as my daughter has an autoimmune condition and I can’t risk anything with her. Do you know of any brands by any chance? Much appreciated!
Bring along a good electric transformer with the correct adapter for the wall plug in Portugal. You’ll be able to use the oven in Portugal. Another tip: I have found and purchased small and large appliances for use in europe with the correct foreign electrical current (usually up to 240) and the correct adapter for the wall plug for the specific country. These are readily available in stores in NY. They are easy to locate on google searching for international home appliances..foreign use.
Could you please share which toaster oven you found that does not have these chemicals in it. I have Been looking for over a week now.
Hey Bobbie! We will have to update the post with toasters. Thanks for that idea!
Hello! We’d love to know about toaster ovens & microwaves if you wouldn’t mind adding to the post? super helpful!
I’m looking for a safe non toxic toaster oven. Any to avoid? Any that you recommend? Thank you.
Deb M Nevsimal
In the food processor section you noted out Cuisinart as approved then right after you mention to avoid all of Cuisinart. Which is it?
Hey thanks for catching that! I adjusted the post. The Cuisinart we linked up is fine, but the others are not.
Can you clarify what exactly makes that model Cuisinart OK ?
When there is a chance for you to please investigate some more, here are some I looked into 🙂
HUGE Thank you for what you do!!!!
this is one of the Articles I’m going to have to re-read until I have everything right because I don’t think I have the right equipment in my kitchen
I think that goes for most of us readers!!!!! I am taking notes, sharing with my kids.. What a great help this website is !
First of all HUGE THANK YOU FOR DOING WHAT YOU DO!!!!!!!!!!!
I have a question: I am looking for a new range…. and all I found is toxic… toxic…. toxic fumes people complain about… do you/did you recommend anything? I found this thread:
Now I am lost… which range to go for… I was thinking to switch to gas…
I think that maybe having a counter top small oven+small cooking top is a better/safer option…. Any thoughts? Please help! Is there anybody who did an extensive research on the ranges? And if there is company which makes a safer solution? Thank you SO MUCH!!!!!
Did you find any ranges that were safe? Anyone answer your question?
Thanks for the infomation above, just want to make sure the green underline is the recommendation?
Secondly bossilicate glass blenders are there safe to use? Does any lead or any chemicals leach when prepairing recipes or blending fruit in them and same goes for Pyrex views on Pyrex
Great post, Leah! I love when the articles I read are not only informative but really helpful! Thanks!
It would have been more helpful if they would have listed appliance we CAN use.
Thanks so much for your investigation and recommendations! I have this food processor with a glass bowl and no black plastic on the blade stem. Seller claims lid and blade stem is BPA-free. Thoughts?
Have you seen this and tested the immersion blenders this article deemed safe? http://it-takes-time.com/2014/10/27/chlorinated-paraffins-in-hand-blenders/
Hey! I know Andrea. I’ll reach out to her and ask her if there are any updates. Our advisors were against us recommending any of these brands, but we can pull more info and regroup to see what happens.
Any concerns with Nickel toxicity from stainless steel? I noticed you recommended a stainless steel french press, but I’m been concerned with metal leeching, especially when you are making something both hot and acidic.
I’ve found the Chemex is superior to everything else in terms of toxicity. This is what I use in my own kitchen. Here’s that link for you to check out, https://amzn.to/2NeUlEo
Thank you so much for this information. I went to the Miriam’s earthen ware site to look at their products. You need to use a heat diffuser. They have two on their site. One is Tin (aluminum) and the other is made of zero carbon steel and is enameled. Your info did not seem to be recommending anything with enamel due to nanoparticles. So what can you use for a diffuser?
Aluminum is amazing for dying a bad, early death.
An Amazon review states this about the Oster blender you suggested—- “The blending jar is glass. The smoothie cup and food processor are both made of BPA-free plastic.” Soo, still plastic contacting (maybe hot) foods.
I have a Cuisinart air fryer. It is all metal inside by all appearances. Can you rate that?
Thank you for researching these appliances. I’m always trying to stay away from plastic and nonstick pans. I was given an air fryer recently and I’ve been worried about if they were safe and haven’t found much info on them. I’ve used a few times and absolutely LOVE it but I’ve been worried about the materials. I’ve been looking into purchasing a bigger one so I’m glad to know there are safer options out there. I currently have the nuwave brand. Any info on that brand? I was looking for a bigger one though and was going to get an all stainless one. One thing I did notice on the Kohl’s website was the elite Platinum brand comes with a warning label that states “this product may contain one or more substances or chemicals to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm” This was the only brand I noticed this warning label on. Made me nervous for sure!
Sounds like what you saw was a California prop.65 warning. What state do you live in? And can you link up the brand air fryer that you have please so I can take a look? Thanks!
Nu Wave 36011 Air Fryer 3 quart Black https://www.amazon.com/dp/B075X3287P/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_i_9GlvCbKZ3K19W
This is the one I currently have. I do see the warning on this one too. Yes it does seem to be that warning. I live in RI
Thank you so much for these investigations! Will be replacing the coffee maker stat! Can you recommend any toaster/convection ovens?
That would make a GREAT new investigation! Thanks for the idea!
Thank you for sharing all your great research on small kitchen appliances here.
I’m curious about a few brands/products you don’t mention.
1. Le Creuset pots/pans (I know, not really an appliance perhaps you’ve covered these in another article on cookware), but they come to mind because they are ceramic coated)
Silit pressure cookers.
They do say they’re ceramic. I know a number of natural chefs who use and/or recommend them.
If you have not looked into them, I’d be curious to get the results if you ever do. Or, next time I’m shopping for a pressure cooker, I guess I’ll look into the materials myself.
3. Berkey Water Filters (mostly metal, but apparently, on at least some set-ups, the water comes in contact with plastic.
What about chlorinated paraffins in regular blenders? These chemicals are used during blade manufacturing, which would be similar in both types of blenders. Any tests?
Also, while I do not have a link, I’ve read that Braun immersion blender was found to be free of these nastiness by tests in Europe.
We recommended against it from advice from the Food Packaging Forum. But I can ask them about the blenders.
Thanks so much, Leah, for this awesome, informative post. I’m sad to throw out my Cuisinart immersion blender because I love making pureed soups, but for now I will just use my Oster blender for that. Thank you for all that you have done for me and my family through your helpful blog posts.
I contacted Braun to see if it’s true that they do not have CPs and their response is below, for anyone curious. To take it a step further, I will probably contact them for the published 3rd party test results before deciding to buy their immersion blender.
“We thank you for contacting us. Braun, as an international brand, considers the health and safety of its customers of paramount concern. First of all we want to reassure you that all materials within Braun brand products have been carefully designed and evaluated in order to guarantee high performance, reliability, and safety. All parts intended to come in contact with food are food grade and tested according to applicable requirements.
We would also reassure that for example the MQ725 hand blender, apply a metal shaft, that can come in contact with food, and it has been tested for SCCPs release into the food by an internationally qualified and certified third-party laboratory, simulating a normal use of the appliance; based on the outcomes of above said testing, we can reassure you that it does not release SCCPs.
We hope this information addresses your question. Should you have any further request, please, do not hesitate to contact us again. Best Regards”
I think this category deserves a deeper dig. So we can absolutely do that!
Thank you for the information. Did you contact Braun for that published 3rd party test results, and what did you end up with? I had decided to buy the Braun immersion, but now I’m very doubtful. I know they were leaking befor due to the warning by the Canadian government, but can’t find anything to prove that they no longer leak SCCP.
Thank you so much for this guide. Several years ago I began trying to replace my small appliances with ones where plastic did not come in contact with your food, it was a very difficult task and so I abandon it. Your recommendations have come just in time because I will be kiting out a new kitchen in a second home very soon. Did you do any tests on Nespresso coffee makers? It is my one guilty pleasure.
It’s a no on Nespresso. 🙁 I switched to the Cemex that we linked up and the coffee tastes WAY better!
Nespresso is made by Nestle. Nothing is healthy from them.
THE GREEN LETTERS ARE HARD TO READ AFTER I MAKE A SCREENSHOT AND SEND IT TO MY SISTERS.PLEASE GO ON WITH YOUR
DIGGING! THANKS FOR IT , ALICE.
Do you struggle with any other part of the site?
Just a note: stainless steel options (like Instantpot) are often also not ideal. Cheaper stainless steel (unless you’re paying $400 per piece… yours probably qualifies, though it’s difficult to find exactly what grade stainless steel is because the manufacturers don’t have to disclose it) can leach nickel and cadmium, both heavy metals. This is a huge problem in cooking pots (like instantpot) because any acidic food cooked in it will draw these metals out and lace the food. I see that you have recommended VitaClay, which is what I use and highly recommend for a clean, ethical option that makes food taste amazing.
Thanks for stopping by!
What about using Pyrex inside the instapot? I’ve done rice and bread like this so far. It increases the time, but at least my food does not burn
Work-arounds! I love it!
Unfortunately, Vitaclay has lead in it.
But if cheaper stainless steel can leach metals, then what about the stainless steel Vitamix containers that I think you recommend?